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WHAT IS FACIAL NERVE MONITORING AND IS IT IMPORTANT?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The facial nerve exits out of a small hole in the base of the skull, and then branches through the parotid gland to supply all the muscles of the face.

During minimally invasive, traditional open parotid surgery, or submandibular gland surgery, facial nerve monitoring can be used to identify the branches of the facial nerve and confirm facial nerve function.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depending on the circumstances, the branches of the facial nerve can be hard to identify during surgery, especially if the patient has had prior parotid gland surgery. Patients can suffer temporary or permanent damage if a nerve is irritated or injured.

If there is a change in nerve function during the surgery, the facial nerve monitor alerts the surgeon and operating room staff. This helps reduce the risk of facial nerve damage and asymmetry.